Fly fishing represents one of the oldest types of fishing. Initially it was used especially to catch salmon and trout, but nowadays it has turned into another method of catching bass, pike, carp and other fish. The term was generated in relation to the fisherman’s lure regularly made of an insect like lure made for the purpose of attracting the fish. The fly fishing equipment required by fly fishing is also called tackle. The types include the artificial flies, the fly rod which casts the flies, the reel and the fly line. In order to be able to cast the fly as far as possible the line should be a little heavier than other line types. Moreover, the flies are produced in a wide range of shapes, sizes and colors, for the purpose of luring one sort of fish in particular.
In general terms the artificial lure for fly fishing is made of hair, feathers, fur and other materials that will render the desired look of the insect supposedly used as bait for fish. Each fishing location demands a certain type of artificial fly that will look like insects sharing the same habitat with the fish you are after. Hence, the fly fishing methods used in one region may not work in another. According to another fly classification, they can be attractive or imitative. The imitative flies are similar to real insects while the attractive ones simply resort to color or reflection of light in order to attract fish without necessarily imitating real insects. And yet another classification splits the artificial lures into dry models that imitate dragonflies, grasshoppers and float on water, sub-surface designs that are just like pupae or larvae and wet kinds very much like leeches and minnows.
The difference between fly fishing and non-fly fishing is that the former relies on the use of the line weight for casting the fly in the water. On the other hand the non-fly fishing type relies on the weight of the lure.
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